Homeowner’s guide: common boiler faults and problems

The process of installing a boiler includes various tasks that require time and attention, from exploring multiple local boiler installer companies along with their quality of workmanship, guarantee and price to disposing of the old boiler properly. Apart from these two important steps, you have to assess the need of new thermostats, pumps and programmers, protect the new boiler with corrosion inhibitor chemicals and make sure that your installer flushes the system to remove debris and sludge. However, you cannot overlook probably the most important step of all, namely inquiring about follow-up care and annual servicing. Such useful pieces of information will give you the certainty that you will enjoy your freshly installed boiler for years to come without worrying about repairs or even replacements. Unfortunately, many homeowners make the terrible mistake of neglecting this crucial task, probably because they are satisfied about successfully completing the boiler installation process and forget about long-terms needs.
Regardless of their lack of attention when it comes to boiler servicing, all homeowners must know the most common boiler faults and issues that they will probably face over time, which include the lack of hot water and heat, loss of pressure, leaking and dripping, weird banging noises and thermostat problems. Thus, when dealing with a boiler emergency, instead of panicking, they act accordingly. Every person out there arrived home after a long and tiring day eagerly heading towards the bathroom for a warm and relaxing bath or shower only to face a cold disappointment, literally and figuratively. Most people just sit down and wait for their boiler to heath the water, but this luxury might take a few minutes or longer, depending on the age and efficiency of the boiler. The main causes leading to such an unpleasant situation refer to low water level, airlocks or motorised valve failure. In such a case, grabbing the phone and contacting a professional company for a close examination, maybe the one who installed the boiler in the first place, might be the best solution.

In what concerns the loss of pressure, you should know that in order to function properly, a boiler needs constant water pressure. Pressure drop might occur for various reasons, from a leak in the boiler system to bleeding radiators. This probably represents the most silent issue of all because if you are dealing with a tiny water leak, you might not even notice it at first. Of course, it will become a nuisance on the long term and you must take action in order to solve the problem. The worst-case scenario that you could face refers to a leaking or dripping boiler that requires urgent repairs or even a replacement. In regards to the latter, you should start considering boiler rental. Under no circumstances, you should attempt repairing the boiler on your own because you do to have the knowledge or experience of tackling a possibly broken valve. In fact, the truth is that, as a homeowner, you do not even have to because you can just call a specialist.

7 Roulette Variations You’ve Probably Never Heard Of

Roulette is a lot of fun, but after a while, it’s like anything else.

Boring.

Wouldn’t it be great if you could take something you’re familiar with and spice it up with some interesting differences?

That way you could enjoy the familiarity of a game you know how to play with the novelty of playing with some different rules.

As luck would have it, all kinds of variations of roulette are available.

You’re probably already familiar with the differences between American and European roulette.

In this post, I’m going to share 7 roulette variations you’ve probably never even heard of. I’ll include information about where you can play these games, too.

1. Alphabetic Roulette
Alphabetic Roulette (or “Alphabet Roulette”) is a variation that replaces the numbers you’re used to seeing on the wheel and the table with the letters of the alphabet. You have 25 possibilities for single letters, A through X. You also have a single possibility of getting Y or Z. (They occupy the same space on the wheel and on the table.)

The game also features 6 different colors—you’ll find 4 letters corresponding to each color. The YZ space isn’t colored. (Compare that to traditional roulette’s 00 and/or 0, which is green while all the other spaces are red or black.)

You can bet on individual letters, 2 letters, 3 letters, or 4 letters. You can also bet on certain combinations of letters that spell certain words, like the “Party Pit” bet, which is a bet on P, A, R, T, Y, or I. The “roulette” bet is like this, too, which is a bet on the following letters: R, O, U, L, E, or T. As in traditional roulette, you also have the option to bet on a certain color or on a column or a dozens bet.

The game has a 4% house edge, no matter which bet you place. Alphabet Roulette was launched in 2011 at Fitzgerald’s Casino in Las Vegas. It’s been approved by the Nevada Gaming Board, so it could turn up at any casino in the state.

Another variation of Alphabet Roulette uses playing cards with customized decks of 25 cards. You can read more about either variation at the official site for the game: http://www.alphabetroulette.com/.

2. Back 2 Back Roulette
I’ve also seen this referred to as “Back2Back Roulette” or just “Back to Back Roulette”. It’s a variation of roulette with an optional side bet on your lucky numbers. If a number hits twice in a row, you win 1200 to 1 on your bet.

This variation is available at the Atlantis Casino in Reno, Nevada.

3. Diamond Roulette
Diamond Roulette adds extra colors to the mix. Instead of just red and black (and green), a Diamond Roulette table has the following colors:

Red
Blue
Green
Yellow
Purple
Black
Each color corresponds to 6 numbers. Bets on a particular color pay out at 5 to 1. At a table with 2 zeroes, the player can also bet on a combination of a single color and the zeroes. This bet pays out at 3 to 1, but the house edge is huge—15.79%.

Of course, there are no even money red or black bets with this variation.

This variation of roulette can be found in Atlantic City casinos.

4. Double Action Roulette
“Double Action Roulette” really mixes things up. Instead of having a single wheel, this game has 2 wheels, one inside the other. The ball lands in a slot between the 2 wheels, resulting in 2 winning numbers per spin. You can bet on numbers in the outer wheel, the inner wheel, or both (a parlay).

Bets on a single wheel have the same kinds of payouts as traditional roulette, but the parlay bets have more interesting payouts. The single number parlay pays 1200 to 1. The other bets pay out between 3 to 1 and 25 to 1.

The house edge for the single wheel bets are the same as in traditional roulette games, but the parlay bets are sucker bets—the house edge is almost twice as high on those wagers.

This game is reportedly available at the M Casino in Las Vegas.

5. Double Ball Roulette
If a roulette game with 2 wheels doesn’t thrill you, maybe a game with 2 balls will. This game is almost identical to traditional roulette except for the extra ball in action.

If you place an outside bet, then both balls have to win for your bet to be a winner. On inside bets, either ball counts as a win. If both balls land on the inside bet, then the payout doubles.

The game also has a “Double Ball Jackpot”, which pays off when both balls land in the same individual numbered slot.

The house edge varies from bet to bet, but the best odds are the inside bets on single numbers. The house edge on that wager is 5.33%.

This game has been spotted at the Tropicana in Las Vegas.

6. Prime Time Roulette
This game features an optional side bet on the 11 prime numbers on the wheel. (A prime number is a number that can only be divided by itself an 1. In this case, those include 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, and 31.)

The bet pays out according to how many times in a row a prime number appears. If it lands on a number that’s not a prime number, the side bet is lost. The payout is even money for a single prime time, but it goes up to 299 to 1 if a prime number comes up 7 times in a row.

Payouts vary based on the version of the game you’re playing.

7. Rapid Roulette
Rapid Roulette plays just like regular roulette, but instead of placing chips on a table, you place your bets using an electronic interface. It’s fun, but it’s not quite the same feeling as the original game.

Conclusion
If you’re bored with regular roulette, look for some of these variations. The house edge is usually as high or higher, but the change in rules might be just the novelty you need to keep the game interesting.

Why I Love American Roulette

I bet you won’t agree with me when I say this – I love American roulette.

When I go on a casino trip, I head immediately for double-zero roulette games.

I’ve long been a defender of this casino classic.

After all, I’m an American.

So what is it about double-zero roulette that gets me excited?

First – an explanation of the main difference between American and European game rules.

American vs. European Roulette
The most important difference between American and European rules roulette is the number of spaces in the wheel where the ball might land. American wheels have 38 slots (1-36 plus one green zero and one green double-zero space) and European wheels have 37 slots (1-36 plus one green zero space).

The impact this extra space has on the American game’s odds is pretty significant. All wagers on American roulette games have a 5.26% house edge – while all wagers on single-zero games have a 2.7% house edge. The house edge on the American game is almost double that for single-zero or European tables.

But wait – I haven’t told you the whole story yet. True European roulette games include a special rule that reduces the house’s edge even more in certain game situations. At Euro tables, if the ball lands in the green zero space, bettors get half their wager back. With that rule in place, all even-money bets have a house edge of just 1.3%. Those are excellent odds by anyone’s definition, right?

So why do I love American roulette so much?

It’s Accessible
Only seven Las Vegas casinos host a single-zero roulette game. The Palazzo and the Venetian are the only two that host true American rules roulette – the other five have one European rules table each.

If you don’t do your gambling in Las Vegas, rest assured that your Euro game options are limited, too. The few Atlantic City casinos still in business aren’t eager to hand out money with low-odds games taking up floor space – I don’t know a single AC casino offering single-zero tables outside of a VIP room. You won’t find any single-zero tables in any property in Mississippi or Louisiana that’s run by one of the major operators like Harrah’s. Basically, if you’re in America, American rules games are by far the most common and the most budget-friendly. You may not even have the option of playing single-zero games, especially if you aren’t a high roller.

It’s Familiar
Because I’ve lived my entire life in the United States, I’ve only ever really known or played the single-zero game. I remember getting a casino play-set when I was a kid (with playing cards, a plastic roulette wheel, a ball bearing, some poker chips, and a set of dice), and sure enough, that game’s wheel was set up in imitation of good old USA rules.

I admit – the rules of European roulette are a lot better for the player. The “en prison” rule (the one that will pay you back half your even-money wager on a zero result) is so popular that a few casinos in America adapted it for use on double-zero wheels. Unfortunately, that game never caught on, probably because it cut the house’s edge from 5.26% to 2.63%. I also appreciate that the stupid “five numbers” bet isn’t available on single zero tables – I think that’s a terrible move by the casino to cheat ignorant people out of their money, and I wish it wasn’t available in American games.

But it all comes down to familiarity, for me. When I play the game, I expect a wheel with two green zero spaces. I don’t expect to get half my wager back thanks to “imprisonment rules.” I grew up risking way more of money than you can risk on European tables, and it’s just not familiar to me.

It’s Affordable
If single-zero roulette offers way better odds, why shouldn’t I just stick to those seven casinos when I visit Vegas? Because the vast majority of those single-zero games are in the VIP rooms, with $100 bet minimums. The most affordable single-zero games in town are at the Mirage, and the MGM Grand, where you can play on a single-zero table for a $25 minimum bet.

Most of the American-style roulette games in Las Vegas allow me to bet $5 or $10 per spin. Basically, I can’t afford to play singe-zero roulette. I’m used to seeing about one outcome per minute at a full Las Vegas table – if I wanted to step up to the VIP games, I’d be betting my mortgage four times over each hour. That’s not the kind of action that I (or my wife) can live with. Heck, it’s expensive enough at $600 an hour.

Atlantic City casinos hosted single-zero games years before Las Vegas did – at a time when Atlantic City gambling houses were playgrounds for the well-to-do. In America, European-anything is code for elite and uppity, and that seems to be the case with this European import. Though I consider myself an intellectual, someone able to overcome the trappings of his cultural heritage, I still can’t help but see the double-zero game as comfortable and familiar.

Conclusion
How little do casinos want Americans to play on single-zero wheels? It’s common for online casinos to restrict bets on Euro roulette from counting towards bonus requirements or loyalty points. The tables are practically gone from US casino floors. When you can find them, they’re restricted by high betting minimums or by requiring special permission to enter the VIP room where the games are kept. For all those reasons, I much prefer to play American-rules roulette games. I’m hoping that, after reading this, a few of you will feel the same way, and give the game a second chance.